No Stronger Bond then a man and his dog by David WrightWelcome to the American Wild Turkey Hunting Dog Association. We believe turkey hunting is best when done with a dog. While the dog's job is to find the birds and scatter them, the hunter has to call them back in. In the fall, a turkey's defense (the eyes and ears of the whole flock) is at it's best. Note: it's easier to ambush fall turkeys (and kill them in many other ways), than it is to train a turkey dog to sit quietly with the hunter, while the turkeys are called back in. Training a turkey dog takes a lot of commitment. 
There's a few things to know about us; we're not an adoption or puppy locating service and we don't sell dogs or puppies to non-members. Members join because they're interested in sharing the history and tradition of these special dogs.
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Send cash, personal checks or money orders to: AWTHDA 15634 Old CC, Maribel WI 54227-9760. Call 920-776-1272 with questions. Paintings © David Wright - permission: Gray Stone Press
NWTF Committe Member, Life Sponsor, Television TV show contributor
We've donated our time and money to the NWTF for the betterment of the wild turkey since 1987. Since 2004, we've been the only organization advocating for hunting turkeys with dogs. Some people contribute to conservation minded organizations, others go for a free ride. Be a contributor, not the other. Join the club.

"Thank you, Jon. You are the one helping the turkey dog cause the most! Keep up the good work."
Hilary Nickerson 11/27/15
Wanted: Nature Lovers, Hikers and Runners - Reward!The Nature Fix: Why Nature Makes us Happier, Healthier, and More Creative by Florence WilliamsHunting the ultimate free range, organic, cage free birds with a dog in the Fall and Winter means long walks in the country and spending a lot of time in the natural world.

Fall success rates are about 7% (about half hens & half toms), generally one-third of Spring's 21% success rate (toms only).

Although you're six times less likely to kill a tom, or a hen in the fall (than in the spring), the reward is; you'll get twenty times more exercise. And spend more time in the wild. Join the club.

Wanted Poster available in high resolution suitable for framing.
wild turkey hunting with a missouri muleThe American Wild Turkey Hunting Dog Association is a nationwide volunteer group dedicated to preserving, protecting and promoting the wild turkey hunting dog tradition. We were founded by sportsmen and women seeking equality for all persons who pursue wild turkey with their loyal companions. Many of these dogs are family pets and companions with other duties as well. Our original goal was to organize everything on the web pertaining to the sport, primarily to support legislation allowing fall turkey hunting with dogs in Wisconsin and Pennsylvania. It's grown to where we are today through the contributions and collaborative efforts the members you see on this website have made.
Photo courtesy Ben Tennison
© Western Mule Magazine. Ben's Missouri mule 'Tote', carrying a fall turkey, is a bucksin dun, john mule, standing in front of a Missouri dogwood tree. How can you tell it's a DOGWOOD? By it's BARK!
Spring turkey hunting came about as a way for the State to recover the expenses of all the trapping and transplanting they did (since the 1950's). Once the turkey population had recovered, they needed to recover their costs. The Fish & Game departments were in a dilemna: "We can't open the traditional fall season like we've always had. We don't want to shoot the hens we just antique cheese box wild turkey call Alabama vintagetransplanted! But we heard there's some boys down in Alabama, who squawk on an old cheese box and kill gobblers in spring time." The biologists agreed: "It shouldn't hurt the population, to just shoot males." That's when they decided to sell spring turkey hunting permits and raise the much-needed funds." Spring turkey hunting was born. That's why there are turkey hunters today from 9 to 99, who think the time to hunt turkeys is in the spring.
fall turkey hunting with dogs in the 1870s Never mind that the males and females (in northern states) just came through a tough winter, ekeing out a living, picking recycled corn out of the manure farmers spread on the fields (if they're so fortunate) and subsisting on weed seeds for long periods. Then the males get worn thinner, fighting for dominance in the breeding season, while the females are stressed trying to lay, set and hatch a brood unobserved. But once the northern Fish & Game departments started selling spring turkey licenses and permits, like they were in the south, the floodgates were opened.
Now, on another subject, it's downright sinful for hunters to only breast out a bird, because the legs and thighs are so tough (as big gobblers spend most of their life walking and running, they don't like to fly). Compare this to hunting them in the fall, like it used to be, after the turkeys had life easy in the summer time, with all the food available, and when they taste good. Especially the tenderest tasting young of the year - remember, half of the birds born in the spring won't make it through the upcoming winter. Better to have them on your plate, than frozen stiff at the base of a tree in January. Show some respect for the turkeys, get a good dog for a companion and enjoy hunting turkeys in the fall, like they did in the old days.
In the late 1940's, when game laws first began, only thirteen states had turkey hunting seasons, and they were all in the fall. Then came the first Spring gobbler seasons: 1950's Alabama, 1958 South Carolina, 1960 Kentucky, 1961 Virginia, 1963 West Virginia, 1968 Pennsylvania, 1969 North Carolina, 1973 Vermont, 1978 Minnesota, 1980 Massachusetts. 1984 Wisconsin. That's why today we have hunters from 9 to 99 who never hunted turkeys in the fall, because all they or their elders ever knew was spring hunting.
Virginia Turkey Dogsappalachian turkey dog pups puppies richmond virginiaturkey dog pupturkey dogs
Turkey dogs used to be a big secret, with their availability and training methods only shared among immediate family and close friends. Those hunters didnít want anyone else to know about turkey dogs, or compete for turkeys with them. Those who still practiced the art were few. But thanks to them, a crucial part of our hunting heritage was kept alive. Today we live in a different world; turkeys are abundant, but there are less hunters, and less places to hunt. We began this club to affect legislation, and share the history and experiences with friends. We're now the country's number one advocate of fall turkey hunting and of teaching young hunters the secrets of the art. Your support insures this club's continued development and will help us influence fish & game rules and legislation on behalf of all hunters. From June 1, 2004 to January 1, 2013, the AWTHDA's members in 26 states were instrumental in changing the rules to allow dogs in 8 states (IA 2005, ME 2007, MS 2007, MT 2005, NH 2007, PA 2007, WI 2010, CT 2013), and other states lengthened their fall or winter seasons. Join the club and help us make a difference.
Turkey Dogs on Dan Small's Outdoor WI Public TV.
Something to think about when turkey hunting with a dog:
#1. Be careful shooting at turkeys running on the ground! 25 MPH = 36.66 FPS. In the 2 seconds it takes to decide to shoot, the dog covers 25 yards. We love introducing hunters to turkey dogging, but if you hunt turkey dogs are fast hunting dogswith us, always keep the dogs safety in mind as much as you do other hunters. The dog is likely right behind any running turkey, and no turkey is worth a dog getting a pellet in the face. If you shoot one of our dogs, expect the cost to be considerable. The value of our dogs is not so much based on their pedigree, show quality, or registration, as much as their initial cost, annual shots, medications, veterinarian fees, licenses and food. Factor in the cost of travel and the hours of training time, the dogs age, their value as a companion, family pet, and watchdog, their awards, any special recognition they've received in the turkey hunting community, and you get an idea of how much value we put on our dog.
#2. Don't shoot your gun near a dogs ears, her good hearing is more important than getting a turkey. A healthy dog can hear four times better than humans. If you're right-handed, position the dog to your left rear and you'll save her hearing, that'll be especially helpful when your hearing deteriorates. Learn about Noise Trauma: "Shoulder-supported rifles and shotguns used for hunting and target shooting produce a peak sound pressure level in excess of 140 dB, and fireworks and other explosives Charming Saly - Mountain Cur of David Wrightcan be even louder. The noise actually disrupts the hair cells and their support cells. Since noise-induced trama has limited recovery, repeated exposure produces cumulative hearing loss, a serious problem for hunting dogs where the gun is fired over the dog's head." One turkey is not worth a Deaf Dog.
#3. Never disparage any dog. You're welcome to critique another hunter, their gun, calling, woodsmanship, or anything else you like, but don't speak poorly about any dog chosen for turkey hunting. The dog can't help who their ancestors were, and most well cared for dogs try their best for a deserving owner. If the dog isn't doing well, it's most likely because the owner hasn't gotten them out often enough, provided adequate feed or care, or it's the way they treat them!
"I owned a good Mountain Cur, but she died last year at 11 years of age. Good dog, I miss her. Attached is a photo of Charming Sally." Sally was the model in many of my paintings. When she got to hunt, she'd range far and wide. A good dog is never forgotten. David Wright 6/25/2014
Dogs lives are too short. When your dog dies, listen to these: Old Shep by Red Foley | Tribute To A Dog and Old Rivers by Walter Brennan | Old Dogs Children & Watermelon Wine by Tom T. Hall | Dog lovers (because you loved me) Celine Dion | Cracker Jack by Dolly Parton | Real Life (I never was the same again) by Jeff Carson
Shawnee Hunter by David WrightSnowy wingsturkey hillturkey trio
Shawnee Hunter © David Wright - permission: Gray Stone Press
Turkey Dogs can be the solution to a variety of personal and societal concerns.
a boy and his dog1. With todays obsession with video games, internet socializing, and endless television, psychologists determined long ago that many children suffer from Nature Deficit Disorder. They don't spend time outdoors, and have few responsibilities. By getting them a puppy, a future turkey dog, they will have many opportunities to reconnect with nature, their family members, and learn to care for something beyond themselves. The whole family can be involved in selecting, training, and caring for the puppy, and then hunting a turkey dog. (Rob Mucinski of Limerick, PA sent this picture worth a thousand words: "I took my new pup over to my sister's house yesterday, my little niece really wanted to see him. They had to put down their dog last week, and her daughter was taking it pretty hard, now that she doesn't have a dog, she is such a dog lover like my sister. Anyways, she just sent me this picture and her daughter says she is 'In Love' with my 'Cow Puppy' as she calls it. Nothing brings a smile to a kid like a puppy. She cried when I left with him, and now she says she wants a turkey dog puppy too! Just had to share this picture!" More 2/22/10).
2. For those of us who are getting up there in age or weight, and have knees and backs that are more cut out for an easy walk rather than a climb up a tree stand to sit in one spot for long uncomfortable periods, turkey hunting with a dog can be just the type of hunting you're looking for. The dog will do most of the work, allowing you to enjoy the stroll, until your dog scatters the turkeys, and then you can sit down and enjoy the rest. Plus the wild turkey provides low fat, healthy, organically grown food for the dinner table.
3. In today's economy, a low budget venture is tough to find. While it can cost an arm and a leg to get into some pastimes, turkey hunting with a dog doesn't. Some of the best turkey pups are free, or mixed breeds rescued from a dog pound. Your time spent in training, dog food and health care will be your biggest investment.
4. Plus your dog provides the family protection against crime; burglars don't like entering a house with a barking dog!
Aldo Leopold turkey hunting with a dog in WisconsinSince the AWTHDA is headquartered in Wisconsin, we'll use our state as an example. The wild turkey is the most prolific bird we have today, far exceeding all other upland birds, and with the 3 month long fall turkey season in Wisconsin, there is more opportunity to get outside and pursue turkeys than any other wild game except deer (and that usually means sitting in a tree stand for long periods). Plus, the turkeys are a lot easier to carry out of the woods!
Training a turkey hunting dog means spending hundreds of hours with your dog, both indoors and out; studying, scouting, photographing, and observing hundreds of turkeys for every one you shoot. More often than not, the weapon of choice is a camera. Your turkey dog gets you outside walking and breathing in fresh air; playing fetch with your puppy, watching turkeys on your stroll through the park, attending obedience classes, or going to dog parks for socialization and exercise. With so many wild turkeys living in suburbia today, they can make for some exciting neighborhood walks for yourself and your turkey dog-in-training.
Hunting our country's most spectacular game bird in the fall is growing in popularity, as is training a dog to assist. We use all sorts of dogs, from purebreds to mixed breed dogs. There are plenty of wild birds to train your dog on (check dates permitted, varies by state). There's no need to pay game farms for expensive pen raised birds (chukars, ducks, pigeons, pheasants, quail, or heaven forbid - farm turkeys) to train your turkey dog. We train them on the real thing (the Wild Turkey Dogs book will tell you how, and when to start).
We don't have registries, judges, shows, conduct testing, have field trials or hold competitions (yet). The only competition is the hunter with his or her dog, against the wild turkey. Many dogs are versatile enough to hunt other game besides turkey, it's just up to you to see they get plenty of exposure, practice and discipline. Plus, you donít need all the decoys and extensive equipment spring turkey hunters do. Just a few shells in your pocket for the old single shot, some camo material to hide your dog, a call or two, and you're in for an exciting experience. Join the AWTHDA, read the book, and learn how to hunt fall turkey with your dog.
It's easier to kill turkeys without dogs than with dogs"An issue may be so clear in outline, so inevitable in logic, so imperative in need, and so universal in importance as to command immediate support from any reasonable person. Yet that collective person, the public, may take a decade to see the argument, and another to acquiesce in an effective program." Aldo Leopold said that in 1943.

Note the article on the right is from 1893, it's always been easier to kill turkeys without a dog than with one! →
For the past 40 years or more, most of us learned to hunt turkeys in the spring. Once we experienced a spring tom strutting and gobbling his way towards us, we got hooked on turkey hunting. Now with the wild turkey population restored in most states, we're allowed that same opportunity in the fall (like it used to be), and with our dog. In the fall, the gobblers stalk, rather than strut towards you. But you'll hear gobbles, along with a full repertoire of other turkey language.
Thankfully, the fall tradition of hunting turkey with a dog was kept alive for hundreds of years, primarily in the central and southern Appalachian (or Allegheny) Mountains (which run from Alabama to Newfoundland) known as the Blue Ridge, Catskills, Cumberland, and the George LaVanish's "The Contenders" wild turkey printAppalachian or Allegheny Plateau, primarily in the states of Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, Maryland, and southern Ohio. Many hunters in the rest of the country are ignorant about turkey dogs, and anything else about the Appalachians, like the fact they have 130 native trees, while there are only 85 native trees in all of Europe! Source: The National Parks: America's Best Idea , also Bill Bryson - A Walk in the Woods: Rediscovering America on the Appalachian Trail. Or as Jim Casada says: "the Great Smokies, the most ecologically diverse area in the entire Northern Hemisphere." Learn more about the Appalachians, from one who lives there - visit Tipper at the Blind Pig & the Acorn (turn up the speakers). Join the Appalachian turkey dog club - where we share the knowledge, experience and tradition. A History of Appalachia
Appalachian zone mapAppalachian regions mapAppalachian Parks map
The rest of us novices, with no experience in fall hunting, used what we'd learned hunting spring turkeys, and applied that to the fall. We tried everything allowed, from jumpshooting (rare luck), shooting them out of trees (rarely works, they see you coming and bail out, long before you get near enough to shoot), or studying a flock's habits, and setting up an ambush. Fall turkey hunting differs from spring hunting, primarily in the birds' behavior and how they communicate with each another (picture a flock of 25 birds watching you, instead of 2 or 3). Once we experienced a good scatter of a fall flock, and called them back in, we discovered this special way of hunting wild turkeys unique to the fall season. It doesn't get any better than watching a gobbler silently stalking our call, or having lost turkeys calling all around us, with your dog watching right beside you.
For a successful autumn hunt, a good dog is as essential as learning the language of fall turkeys. Many turkey dogs are made and not born, and the owner usually learns right along with a new puppy. In the first fall season, a young dog gets exposed to turkeys, and practices sitting quietly. By the second year, he's better at locating and scattering the turkeys, and then sitting still while we practice our improved calling. Both hunter and dog are pretty accomplished fall turkey hunters by the third season. From then on, the communication between the two of you becomes so well-tuned that you'll know when a turkey is coming in, and from what direction, just from your dog's body language, long before you hear a turkey calling, or their footsteps in the leaves, or see their shape in the distance. Eventually, with patience and practice, by the fourth of fifth season, the dog is teaching you as much about hunting fall turkeys, as you're teaching him. Turkey hunting with a dog is a personal, one on one experience. One dog, and one hunter. Over half the fun is having your dog sit quietly with you, as you call the birds in. If you'd like to join us for a hunt, just send an email.  Photo courtesy George LaVanish - Limited edition of 100 large format 2 X 4' canvas giclee prints available from Wilderness Editions
In northern latitudes like Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts and Maine, wild turkey hens lay their eggs some time between April 28 to May 12th.
The hens then set on their eggs for 28 days, some time between May 12th to May 25th.
Their poults hatch some time from June 9th to June 22nd.
Hens often partner with another hen or two (a sister or other relative), laying all their eggs in the same nest, then take turns setting and being a scout, lookout and decoy for the multitude of aerial & ground predators.
Poults are then raised by the extended family of 2 or 3 hens, just as if they're all their own offspring. AWTHDA
Turkey hunting traditionally meant the fall season, after the turkeys were fattened up all summer, and when the meat tastes good. Compare that to a bird that just came through the winter, strutting for hens for months, fighting with other toms, and worn thin from not eating. Fall turkeys are far more savory than spring turkeys. And approximately half of the birds born in summer won't make it through the next winter. Much better for them to be on your dinner table than frozen stiff at the base of a tree.
turkey henweather vanetwo jake turkeyswoodland turkey
Dogs have been trained for everything from police work, to assisting the handicapped, to hunting wild turkey. Today, if every turkey hunter was required to have the assistance of a trained dog, we'd recover every bird accidentally wounded, and prevent any crippling losses. We use a dog to hunt every other game bird in the United States, there's no reason we shouldn't hunt turkey with a dog, spring or fall. The usual method (in the fall) is for the dog to scatter the flock, then we take advantage of the birds flocking instinct to call the birds in, while our dog sits quietly by our side. In the spring, the dog sits quietly until the gobbler is called in and shot, and only then does the dog assist when a gobbler is inadvertently wounded, and the dog is needed to find the crippled bird. These dogs must be highly trained or their presence in the spring is more likely to ruin the hunt, than be helpful. Only the owner will know when their dog is ready. This usually doesn't happen until the dog is 2 or 3 years old. When that is depends on the amount of time the owner has spent with the dog, hunting and not.
Except for sheep or goat, there's no wildlife more challenging to hunt in the fall than a mature wild turkey gobbler. There are debates about whether hunters should bag hens or jakes in the fall, because it may affect the availability of mature gobblers the following spring. Think what the fall population of mature gobblers would be if all those weren't shot the previous spring.
Rev. Zack Farmer said that Archibald Rutledge and Henry Davis "thought it an abomination that people were allowed to shoot gobblers during the spring season and likened it to shooting fish in a barrel. They thought it much more sporting to bust up a group of turkeys in the fall and call them back in and hunt them by stealth, than use hen calls during the mating season to bring even wary old birds running foolishly to gun." The Times and Democrat Orangeburg, S.C.
From Four Bearded Men by Archibald Rutledge in the May 1946 Sports Afield:Four Bearded Men by Archibald RutledgeFour Bearded Men by Archibald RutledgeFour Bearded Men Call by Archibald RutledgeSports Afield May 1946 issue
87 year old Kentucky fall turkey dog hunterHere's my dad, at 87 years old with his first spring gobbler. He was unable to get out this fall, but has plans for this coming spring and next fall. Great to know we all have a few years left of turkey hunting. It's encouragement to us and maybe some older fellows to get out there! Randy Kindler - Lexington KY 1/11/10
"In Virginia, the wild turkey afforded the Virginians much exertion as well as wariness to come up with it and kill it.
Blinds of pine or oak boughs were erected at different eligible spots in the woods, and here,
after scattering the flocks with trained dogs, the hunters would hide themselves, and by skilful use of the yelp,
soon call up the confused and unsuspecting birds within range of the guns." P.A. Bruce, Richmortal VA, 1907
fighting turkeysAs for whether or not fall turkey hunting with dogs should be allowed, Jim Paige says it well: "It's funny how hunters can nit-pick so much, against one another. If hunters' ranks were anywhere NEAR as together and supportive as the anti-gun crowd, we'd never have a problem with supposed "anti-gun" legislation or so-called 'animal rights' groups!"
"Hunting turkeys in the fall with dogs will not harm anything, or compete with any other type of hunting, but simply add more hunting opportunities for those few hunters who are interested. We are losing hunters (and their money and political support for conservation, wild lands and creatures), because we are losing hunting opportunities. Only a limited number of hunters will take advantage of turkey dogs, just like the few who participate in the recently-approved hunting seasons for crow and dove." Wisconsin wildlife biologist Jim Evrard 4/18/06
3 Winter TurkeysSince stamps were 3 centsOne Winter TurkeyOne Jake Turkey
"A duck, crow or a turkey call in the hands of the unschooled is the nations greatest Conservation asset." Tom Turpin.
"None of our native animals is more wary than the 'educated' wild turkey." 
The Wild Turkey - Its History and Domestication; A.W. Schorger p. 136
We support the International Association of Fish & Wildlife Agencies Teaming with Wildlife Coalition (Wisconsin),International Association of Natural Resources Crimestoppers and the International Association of Natural Resources Crimestoppers (IANRC). Their members operate the Operation Game Thief, Turn In Poachers, Report All Poachers, and related programs operating across the U.S. and Canada.
Concerned your dog is over-medicated with unnecessary vaccinations? The Rabies Challenge Fund is making a difference.
If you have a turkey dog of your own, or hunted with a friends turkey dog, and would like to share your knowledge, skills and experience with our readers, simply write it down, and email it to us here.
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